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Eastern Woodland Hunters
Groups in
this Region
Environment / Housing Food / Hunting / Tools Transportation / Migration Religion / Ceremonies / Art / Clothing Family / Social Structure / Leadership
The Eastern Woodland Hunters were located in Southwest and Southern Ontario (excluding the very
south that was occupied by the Eastern Woodland Farmers), Southern Quebec and the Maritime Provinces.
Tribal Relations
  • Even before the arrival of Europeans, trade between neighbouring Eastern Woodlands Algonquian groups was common. Beaver furs were very important in trade.
  • There was also trade between the Iroquois and Algonquians. For example, the Nipissing weren't farmers themselves, but they traded fish for Huron corn.

Beaver Pelt
War
  • Unlike their Iroquois neighbours to the west, the Algonquian people of the Eastern Woodlands were not as involved in fighting and warfare.
  • It is believed that localized intertribal feuds did occur, but it was rare for any dispute to escalate into a full-fledged war.
  • Since Algonquian village-bands (small, localized groups of people) were independent of one another, the relations between neighbouring Algonquian groups usually varied locally.
  • The Algonquian's relationship with the Iroquois also varied throughout the years. Often times, relations were hostile.

Algonquin warrior
Groups in
this Region
Environment / Housing Food / Hunting / Tools Transportation / Migration Religion / Ceremonies / Art / Clothing Family / Social Structure / Leadership
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