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Eastern Woodland Farmers
Environment / Housing Food
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Transportation / Migration Religion / Ceremonies / Art / Clothing Family / Social Structure / Leadership Tribal Relations / War
The people of the Eastern Woodlands are classified into two main groups, the Iroquois (Eastern Woodlands farmers) and the Algonquians (Eastern Woodlands hunters). This division is based on the roots of their languages and their main source of food.
Arrival The Eastern Woodland Farmers came to the area around Lake Ontario over 12,000 years ago.
Map Source - The Canadian Encyclopedia
Location
They inhabited the shores of the Great Lakes to the St. Lawrence River, and up towards Georgian Bay, in Southwestern and South-Central Ontario
Language
Iroquoian
Nations
The Huron, the Neutral, the Petun and the Iroquois
Huron
Name The Hurons actually had a different name for themelves; the Wyandot or the Wendat.  However, when the French arrived in Canada, their foreign ear could not distinguish the name, so they named the nation the Hurons, derived from French word Hure meaning rough or uncultured.
Huron Encampment
Peoples Deer, Bear, Cord, Rock
Location

St. Lawrence Valley, Lake Ontario to Georgian Bay

Population (1600s) 30,000
Language Iroquoian
Neutrals
Name Samuel de Champlain called them Neutrals, because they were peaceful.
A view of Southern Ontario
Location Mainly between Hamilton and Brantford.
Population (1600s) 10,000
Language Iroquoian
Petun / Tobacco
Name

Derived from trading agricultural good Tobacco with the French. 


A Tobacco Plant
Location

Lived between Hurons and Neutrals; Upper Great Lakes Region

Population (1600s) smallest nation
Language Iroquoian
Iroquois
Peoples Seneca, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, Mohawk
An Iroqois Village
Location South of Great Lakes. After 1640s, inhabit North Shores of Great Lakes.
Population (1700s) 12,000
Language Iroquoian
Environment / Housing Food
/ Tools
Transportation / Migration Religion / Ceremonies / Art / Clothing Family / Social Structure / Leadership Tribal Relations / War
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