Email Us

The Treaties
Treaties Menu
Treaty Four
The Fourth of the Eleven Treaties
  • After the signings of treaties 1 to 3, Indians further west started to pressure the government about when their treaties would be negotiated. Resources were diminishing, nations felt confused and threatened when they heard the Hudson's Bay Company had sold 'the company's' land to Canada. Aware of the incoming railway, Indians had seen the negative affect a railway in the U.S. had on native populations.
  • The Canadian government made treaties to avoid Indian wars and gain title to the land.
  • Soon after treaty three had been signed, Lieutenant Governor Morris wrote to Ottawa about the unrest of Indians to the West and the need for more treaties. Concentrating his attention on the Qu'Appelle region in Saskatchewan, Morris continued to hassle Parliament with letters concerning the need for more treaty negotiations.
  • In 1874, Morris received two letters: one acknowledging that the Indians in the Qu'Appelle Region were officially willing to treat, and the other, a governmental go-ahead for treaty making.
  • The treaty date was set for September 8, 1874. Morris attended, as well as David Laird- the governmental minister to the interior- and the appointed commissioner, W.J. Christie. Morris was the spokesperson and the nations involved were the Cree, Saulteaux, and Assiniboine. When the Indians said they were not prepared, treaty negotiations were delayed until September 11. The following day the Indians asked that the location of the treaty negotiations, on a Hudson's Bay Reserve, be moved. They felt they could not speak freely on a reserve owned by the Hudson's Bay Company, believing the company to be the supreme power in the country that was stealing their land. The delay was granted, although Morris did not quite understand the concerns.
  • However, when the parties met on September 15, the three nations agreed to sign separate treaties, but under the same conditions that were established at North Angle, for the signing of Treaty 3. The terms were explained to the Cree, Saulteaux and Assiniboine, who tried to negotiate being freed of debts from the Hudson's Bay Company, but Morris, Laird and Christie rejected the idea.
Treaty Provisions
  • Treaty four is essentially the same as treaty three, excepting minor differences. Each band is allotted four headmen instead of three headmen. Under treaty four, only 750 dollars is set aside powder, shot, ball and twine, half of the amount decided upon under treaty three.
Back to the top
c Goldi Productions Ltd. 2007