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Subarctic People
Groups in
this Region
Environment / Housing Food / Hunting / Tools Transportation / Migration Religion / Ceremonies / Art / Clothing Family / Social Structure / Leadership
The Subarctic people occupied a majority of Canada from the Yukon to Newfoundland,
including parts of seven provinces and two territories.
Tribal Relations / War

Innu Man
  • The Algonquian speaking groups of Northern Quebec bound together in the mid-17th century, mainly after violent Iroquois wars prompted them to increase their strength to defend and protect themselves if needed.
  • The Innu were descended from people who came to Québec-Labrador thousands of years ago.
    • They briefly fought the Inuit, Irouquois, Micmac, and Abenaki, but were not a warring nation.
    • Innu traded with their neighbouring Cree and southern allies.
  • The Chipewyan warred against the southely Cree, but after the 1700s, they allied together and warred against the Inuit and Dene peoples north of them.
Groups in
this Region
Environment / Housing Food / Hunting / Tools Transportation / Migration Religion / Ceremonies / Art / Clothing Family / Social Structure / Leadership
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