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The Inuit
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Name The people of the Canadian Arctic are known as the Inuit. They used to be called Eskimos, which came from a Native American word for 'eater of raw meat'. Now the Arctic people are officially known as the Inuit, which means 'the people', or singularly, Inuk, which means 'the person'.
Arrival The Inuit were the last native people to arrive in North America. All the good land to the south was already occupied by hostile Indians so they settled in the Arctic. Nobody else wanted it because it was one of the most extreme climates in the world. But the Inuit were masters at adapting to sustain their people over thousands of years.
Location
The Inuit lived in an area comprising a large part of northern Earth, including Northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland, and Siberia.
Languages The languages of the Inuit can be divided into many different languages and dialects. However, all of the Inuit languages come from one main language family: the Inuit-Aleut, also known as the Eskimaleut language family.
The languages groups can be grouped into an Eastern branch and a Western branch, which can then be further divided into individual languages and dialects of those languages.

Eastern Branch (Inuktitut languages):
  • The Eastern Branch languages have three different names for the language.
    • Inuktitut (in Canada)
    • Inupiaq (in Alaska)
    • Kalaallisut (in Greenland)
  • There are three different names, but it is considered to be the same language.
  • There are also many dialects from this language branch spoken in the three countries.

Western Branch (Yupik languages):
  • Yupik is divided into three distinct languages.
    • Central Alaskan Yupik
    • Pacific Gulf Yupik (Alaska)
    • Siberian Yupik (Canada and Alaska)
  • Each of these three languages has several dialects as well.
The Inuktitut and Yupik languages are both quite hard to learn and speak, because they are very complex languages.
Nations
The Inuit have a distinct culture and appearance from other First Peoples groups in Canada, which really set them apart. Historically, the Canadian Inuit were divided into eight main groups: Labrador Inuit, Ungava or New Quebec Inuit, Baffin Island, Igloolik, Caribou, Netsilik, Copper and Western Arctic Inuit.

Map Source - The Canadian Encyclopedia
Labrador Inuit
Location Atlantic Coast of Labrador
Labrador Inuit man
The Ungava or The New Quebec Inuit
Location Ungava Bay, on south shore of Hudson Strait and east coast of Hudson Bay
Ungava woman and child
Baffin Island Inuit
Location Baffin Island in Nunavut
Boy from Baffin Island
Igloolik (or Iglulik)
Name The name "Igloolik" means "there is an igloo here" in Inuktitut.
Igloolik family
Location Western Baffin Island and Melville Peninsula
Caribou Inuit
Name They were named Caribou since they almost completely rely on Caribou for food, shelter and clothing.
The Caribou have their name because
of their dependence on the animal
Location West of Hudson Bay
Netsilik
Name Their name means "people of the place where there is seal",
Netsilik family camp
Location Arctic coast of Canada, west of Hudson Bay
Copper Inuit
Name Their name comes from the fact that they use the copper deposits in their region extensively.
Copper Inuit girl
Location Banks and Victoria islands, and mainland region of central Arctic
Western Arctic Inuit
Name They were formerly known as the MacKenzie Inuit.
Inuit Woman
Location MacKenzie River valley
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